EATING DISORDERS AND MENTAL HEALTH We've been conditioned to poke fun at someone who's too skinny and someone who's fat. We mock those who eat too little, and we tease the bones who eat all …
EATING DISORDERS AND MENTAL HEALTH
EATING DISORDERS AND MENTAL HEALTH
We’ve been conditioned to poke fun at someone who’s too skinny and someone who’s fat. We mock those who eat too little, and we tease the bones
who eat all the time. But what we noway stop to suppose of is if there’s commodity further than relish or disliking what’s on the plate that makes these people make these choices. Of course, inheritable make- up and certain medical conditions play a significant part in how heavy a person is, but more frequently than not, there’s a high emotional quotient that defines how and what a person eats. Stress eating is as much a thing as losing one’s appetite before an important event. still, if these effects be formerly in a while, it’s OK but if it becomes their routine, also it’s a red flag
WHAT IS AN EATING DISORDER?
An eating complaint is characterised by unhealthy eating geste
touched off off by a cerebral problem. People with eating diseases can either eat a lot or not at all or have abnormal eating patterns that could lead to reduction of nutrition in their body that eventually leads to serious healthconditions.However, people with eating diseases can indeed succumb to death, If left undressed. Hence it’s important to identify symptoms and get help at the foremost.
WHAT CAN CAUSE AN EATING DISORDER?
Like most medical conditions having a family history puts the person at risk, but in most cases, it has a lot to do with the individual as well. The most common cause for eating disorders is having an unrealistic body image and going to any length to achieve it.
- Psychological Causes:
- Physiological Causes:
- Environmental Causes:
SIGNS OF EATING DISORDERS
There are a few red flag symptoms that can help spot an individual with an eating disorder:
COMMON TYPES OF EATING DISORDERS
Anorexia Nervosa: This is characterised by the individual being at least 15% lower than normal weight. Individuals with the condition refuse to eat from fear of putting on weight and they often tend to obsess of exercising to lose more weight. They are also known to force themselves to vomit soon after a meal or even uses laxatives, just to be rid of extra fat. Besides growing extremely underweight, anorexia nervosa could lead to:
- Irregular periods and eventual ceasing of the menstrual periods
- Brittle nails and dry hair
- Drop in blood pressure & pulse rate
- Lowered internal body temperature causing the person to feel cold always
- Bone loss & multiple organ failure
- Depression, Lethargy
Bulimia Nervosa: This condition is characterised by overeating and purging soon after. The individual tends to eat too much over a small period of time and then from fear of having eaten too much, he/she tries to get rid of the calories by force vomiting or taking laxatives. Some individuals are known to follow a stringent starvation diet during the day, that results in uncontrolled binge eating at night and then purging afterwards. Repeated vomiting leads to inflamed throat, swollen salivary glands in the neck and lower jaw, tooth decay caused by stomach acids, dehydration and gastroesophageal reflux. Overuse of laxatives mess up intestinal function.
Binge Eating: People with Binge Eating Disorder tend to have periods of overeating, but unlike those with bulimia, they do not purge after an eating spree. Binge eating is chronic and can lead to serious health complications such as severe obesity, diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Most often individuals with this condition eat rapidly until they are uncomfortably full. They tend to eat even when they are not hungry and prefer to eat alone because they are embarrassed by how much they eat and how out of control they get.
Pica: This is characterised by the individual being at least 15% lower than normal weight. Individuals with the condition refuse to eat from fear of putting on weight and they often tend to obsess of exercising to lose more weight. They are also known to force themselves to vomit soon after a meal or even uses laxatives, just to be rid of extra fat. Besides growing extremely underweight, anorexia nervosa could lead to:
Rumination: This eating disorder is characterised by the individual wanting to eat things that are usually not considered edible. They crave non-food items like dirt, sand, paper, chalk, hair, soap, etc. Hence it is quite possible that these individuals are at the risk of poisoning, infections, gut injuries, and nutritional deficiencies depending on the kind of substances they eat. This disorder is most frequently observed in children, pregnant women, and individuals with mental disabilities.
Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder: People with this condition tend to voluntarily bring up food just consumed, to rechew and swallow or spit out. Owing to the obvious socially unacceptable nature of this habit, these individuals will restrict themselves from eating in public or with anyone at all. This could lead to starvation and malnutrition. The only way out is therapy.
Orthorexia: A relatively new addition to the list of common eating disorders, orthorexia is characterised by an individual’s obsession to eat healthy. These individuals will avoid entire food groups for fear of them being unhealthy, and this can lead to nutritional deficiencies.
TREATMENT FOR EATING DISORDER
Since in utmost cases the eating complaint has formerly taken over the existent’s health, treatment involves remedy and establishing a healthy diet to restore the existent’s weight to normal situations. The therapist will try to identify the cerebral cause for the complaint and help the individual deal with trouble. drug may be specified to deal with anxiety and mood swings that come with the home of changing a habit that has come alternate nature. Most important of all is that the existent has all the support and care of his loved bones
, which will insure he she doesn’t fall.
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